Room 60

Florence 1300–1450

In the early 14th century, Florence, on the banks of the river Arno, was one of Europe’s greatest economic and cultural centres. The city’s currency, the florin, was central to international commerce, and Florentines dominated the continent’s wool trade.

Even the Black Death, a catastrophic outbreak of bubonic plague, to which all of Europe succumbed in the late 1340s, did not put an end to the city’s rise.

Florence’s wealth meant that there was a ready market for art in the city. Many of the paintings in this room were made as parts of altarpieces, to play a role in Christian worship in the city’s numerous parish churches, monasteries and convents – numbering 110 in 1338. Jacopo di Cione’s altarpiece (reconstituted on the large wall of this room) for the high altar of the abbey church of the Benedictine nuns of San Pier Maggiore shows the opulence and grandeur of such commissions. The Florentines who paid for it – probably members of the noble Albizzi family – hoped in return for a place in the nuns’ prayers.

Florentine painters, well into the fifteenth century, were inspired by the example of their compatriot Giotto, by Duccio and other Sienese artists, and by contemporary sculptors. They strove to produce works which gave a sense of the divine, and yet were both naturalistic and monumental.

Paintings in this room

Attributed to Jacopo di Cione: 'The Crucifixion'
The Crucifixion
Jacopo di Cione
Attributed to Jacopo di Cione and workshop: 'Adoring Saints: Left Main Tier Panel'
Adoring Saints: Left Main Tier Panel
Jacopo di Cione and workshop
Attributed to Jacopo di Cione and workshop: 'Adoring Saints: Right Main Tier Panel'
Adoring Saints: Right Main Tier Panel
Jacopo di Cione and workshop
Attributed to Jacopo di Cione and workshop: 'Beata Paola'
Beata Paola
Jacopo di Cione and workshop
Attributed to Jacopo di Cione and workshop: 'Pentecost'
Pentecost: Upper Tier Panel
Jacopo di Cione and workshop
Attributed to Jacopo di Cione and workshop: 'St. Anthony Abbott'
Saint Anthony Abbot
Jacopo di Cione and workshop
Attributed to Jacopo di Cione and workshop: 'St. Bruno Boniface'
Saint Bruno Boniface
Jacopo di Cione and workshop
Attributed to Jacopo di Cione and workshop: 'St. John the Evangelist'
Saint John the Evangelist
Jacopo di Cione and workshop
Attributed to Jacopo di Cione and workshop: 'St. Luke'
Saint Luke
Jacopo di Cione and workshop
Attributed to Jacopo di Cione and workshop: 'St. Peter Damien'
Saint Peter Damian
Jacopo di Cione and workshop
Attributed to Jacopo di Cione and workshop: 'Seraphim, Cherubim and Adoring Angels'
Seraphim, Cherubim and Adoring Angels
Jacopo di Cione and workshop
Attributed to Jacopo di Cione and workshop: 'Seraphim, Cherubim and Adoring Angels'
Seraphim, Cherubim and Adoring Angels
Jacopo di Cione and workshop
Attributed to Jacopo di Cione and workshop: 'The Ascension'
The Ascension: Upper Tier Panel
Jacopo di Cione and workshop
Attributed to Jacopo di Cione and workshop: 'The Resurrection'
The Resurrection: Upper Tier Panel
Jacopo di Cione and workshop
Attributed to Jacopo di Cione and workshop: 'The Trinity: Central Pinnacle Panel'
The Trinity: Central Pinnacle Panel
Jacopo di Cione and workshop
Master of the Lehman Crucifixion: 'Noli me Tangere'
Noli me tangere
Probably by Jacopo di Cione
Nardo di Cione, 'Three Saints'
Three Saints
Nardo di Cione
Saint Dominic
Bernardo Daddi
Gentile da Fabriano: 'The Quaratesi Madonna'
The Quaratesi Madonna
Gentile da Fabriano
Attributed to Lorenzo Monaco: 'The Baptism of Christ'
The Baptism of Christ
Probably by Lorenzo Monaco
Niccolo di Pietro Gerini: 'Adoration of the Shepherds'
Adoration of the Shepherds
Niccolò di Pietro Gerini
NG579.4 thumb Attributed to Niccolo di Pietro Gerini, Frame Roundel
Frame Roundel
Niccolò di Pietro Gerini
Attributed to Niccolo di Pietro Gerini, Saint Paul: Right Main Tier Panel
Saint Paul: Right Main Tier Panel
Niccolò di Pietro Gerini
Attributed to Niccolo di Pietro Gerini, Saint Peter: Left Main Tier Panel
Saint Peter: Left Main Tier Panel
Niccolò di Pietro Gerini
Gherardo di Jacopo Starnina (Master of the Bambino Vispo): 'The Beheading of Saint Margaret (?)'
The Beheading of Saint Margaret (?)
Gherardo di Jacopo Starnina (Master of the Bambino Vispo)