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Francesco Pesellino and Fra Filippo Lippi and workshop, The Trinity

Key facts
Full title The Trinity
Artist Francesco Pesellino and Fra Filippo Lippi and workshop
Artist dates 1422 - 1457; born about 1406; died 1469
Group The Pistoia Santa Trinità Altarpiece
Date made 1455-60
Medium and support Egg tempera, tempera grassa and oil on wood
Dimensions 185.5 × 91 cm
Acquisition credit Bought, 1863
Inventory number NG727
Location Not on display
Collection Main Collection
Previous owners
The Trinity
Francesco Pesellino and Fra Filippo Lippi and workshop

This large pala (an altarpiece with a single, unified surface) was painted for a church in Pistoia but was sawn into pieces in the eighteenth century; most of it was later reassembled in the National Gallery. Look closely and you can see lines where the separate fragments were put back together.

It shows the Trinity: God the Father floats in mid-air, holding up the Cross, Christ’s body hanging on it; the dove of the Holy Ghost hovers between them. The altarpiece was commissioned by a confraternity of priests dedicated to the Trinity – hence the subject.

The painting was begun by Francesco Pesellino and completed after his death in 1457 by Fra Filippo Lippi. It was described as ‘half finished’ when Pesellino died and we're not completely sure which bits were done by which artist.

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The Pistoia Santa Trinità Altarpiece


This large altarpiece – one of the few in the National Gallery which is almost complete – has had an eventful life. It was commissioned in 1455 from the Florentine painter Francesco Pesellino, and is his only surviving documented work. He died in 1457 and it was finished by Fra Filippo Lippi and his workshop. We know a lot about how and why it was made from the records of the confraternity who commissioned it.

From 1465 it sat on the high altar of the church of the Holy Trinity at Pistoia, but in 1793 the confraternity was suppressed and the altarpiece was taken apart, with the main panel sawn into pieces, and dispersed. Most of it was gradually acquired by the National Gallery and the altarpiece reassembled.

This is the earliest pala (an altarpiece with a single main panel) in the National Gallery.