Room 41

The Academy

In the first half of the 19th century, the academic teachings of the official art school in Paris, the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, dominated French painting. The Academy’s rigorous training involved a prolonged period of drawing, first from plaster casts of statues and afterwards from life models.

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres was a particularly talented draughtsman who epitomised the classical, refined style, then in official favour. His portraits involved his subjects in countless sittings. The paintings of Ferdinand-Victor-Eugène Delacroix, by contrast, exhibit a freedom of brushwork and a use of colour that was innovative at the time.

The precise, linear style of Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg and their compatriots reflects similar concerns in Germany and Denmark, where the mastery of drawing was held of paramount importance.

Adolph Menzel also began his career in the Academy’s plaster cast room, but later adopted a painting style whose freedom of brushwork anticipated that of the Impressionists. He also developed an interest in depicting modern life which sets him apart from the other artists in this room.

Paintings in this room

At Handeck
At Handeck
Alexandre Calame
Chalets at Rigi
Chalets at Rigi
Alexandre Calame
Italian Woman
Italian Woman
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot
The Four Times of Day: Evening
The Four Times of Day: Evening
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot
The Four Times of Day: Morning
The Four Times of Day: Morning
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot
The Four Times of Day: Night
The Four Times of Day: Night
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot
Christ on the Cross
Christ on the Cross
Eugène Delacroix
Louis-Auguste Schwiter
Louis-Auguste Schwiter
Eugène Delacroix
Ovid among the Scythians
Ovid among the Scythians
Eugène Delacroix
View of the Forum in Rome
View of the Forum in Rome
Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg
Winter Landscape
Winter Landscape
Caspar David Friedrich
A Horse frightened by Lightning
A Horse frightened by Lightning
Jean-Louis-André-Théodore Géricault
A Shipwreck
A Shipwreck
Jean-Louis-André-Théodore Géricault
Susanna at her Bath
Susanna at her Bath
Francesco Hayez
Angelica saved by Ruggiero
Angelica saved by Ruggiero
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
Madame Moitessier
Madame Moitessier
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
Monsieur de Norvins
Monsieur de Norvins
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
Oedipus and the Sphinx
Oedipus and the Sphinx
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
Pindar and Ictinus
Pindar and Ictinus
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
A Tree
A Tree
Achille-Etna Michallon
The Winnower
The Winnower
Jean-François Millet
Abraham and Isaac
Abraham and Isaac
Johann Heinrich Ferdinand Olivier
Vines at Báia
Vines at Báia
Anton Sminck van Pitloo
The Valley of Saint-Vincent
The Valley of Saint-Vincent
Théodore Rousseau
Ruth in Boaz's Field
Ruth in Boaz's Field
Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld
Rome at Sunrise, from the Janiculum
Rome at Sunrise, from the Janiculum
Pierre-Henri de Valenciennes
 
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