Claude Monet

1840 - 1926

Born in Paris, the son of a grocer, Monet grew up in Le Havre. Contact with Eugène Boudin in about 1856 introduced Monet to painting from nature. He was in Paris in 1859 and three years later he entered the studio of Charles Gleyre, where he met Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sisley and Frédéric Bazille. Edouard Manet was an influence on his figure compositions of the 1860s, while the informal style of his later landscapes originated in works such as 'Bathers at La Grenouillère', painted in 1869 when Monet worked with Renoir at Bougival.

Portrait of Claude-Oscar Monet
Pierre Auguste Renoir, ‘Portrait of Claude Monet’, Musée d’Orsay, Paris
© RMN (Musée d'Orsay) / Jean-Gilles Berizzi 

Monet was the leading French Impressionist landscape painter. Like Camille Pissarro and Charles-François Daubigny, Monet moved to London during the Franco-Prussian war (1870-1). After his return to France he lived at Argenteuil (1871-8).

Monet at garden at Giverny
Anon, Monet in his garden at Giverny
© Musée d'Orsay, Dist RMN/Patrice Schmidt 

He exhibited in most of the Impressionist exhibitions, beginning in 1874, where the title of one of his paintings led to the naming of the movement. A period of travel followed in the 1880s, and in 1883 he acquired a property at Giverny, north-west of Paris. Thereafter Monet concentrated on the production of the famous series showing a single subject in different lighting conditions, including poplars, haystacks, Rouen Cathedral, and his own garden at Giverny.

Related paintings

Flood Waters
Claude Monet
1896
Flood Waters
Irises
Claude Monet
about 1914-17
Irises
Lavacourt under Snow
Claude Monet
about 1878-81
Lavacourt under Snow
Poplars on the Epte
Claude Monet
1891
Poplars on the Epte
Snow Scene at Argenteuil
Claude Monet
1875
Snow Scene at Argenteuil
The Beach at Trouville
Claude Monet
1870
The Beach at Trouville
The Gare St-Lazare
Claude Monet
1877
The Gare St-Lazare
The Japanese Bridge
Claude Monet
about 1919-24
The Japanese Bridge
The Museum at Le Havre
Claude Monet
1873
The Museum at Le Havre
The Seine at Port-Villez
Claude Monet
1894
The Seine at Port-Villez
The Thames below Westminster
Claude Monet
about 1871
The Thames below Westminster
The Water-Lily Pond
Claude Monet
1899
The Water-Lily Pond
Water-Lilies
Claude Monet
after 1916
Water-Lilies
Water-Lilies, Setting Sun
Claude Monet
about 1907
Water-Lilies, Setting Sun
 
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