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Andrea Mantegna, The Triumphs of Caesar: 2, The Triumphal Carts

Key facts
Full title The Triumphs of Caesar: 2, The Triumphal Carts
Artist Andrea Mantegna
Artist dates about 1431 - 1506
Series The Triumphs of Caesar
Date made mid-1480s-before 1506
Medium and support Egg tempera on canvas
Dimensions 271.2 × 281.1 cm
Inscription summary Inscribed
Acquisition credit On loan from His Majesty The King
Inventory number L1324
Location Room 14
Image copyright On loan from His Majesty The King, Royal Collection Trust / © His Majesty King Charles III 2023
Collection Main Collection
The Triumphs of Caesar: 2, The Triumphal Carts
Andrea Mantegna

This canvas is the second of a series of nine painted by Andrea Mantegna depicting The Triumphs of Caesar.

In this scene, colossal full-length statues of Roman gods are transported on a richly ornamented cart, while a smaller one is lifted by a member of the entourage. An inscribed tablet praising Caesar’s victories in Gaul and his and military prowess is borne aloft behind the bust of the goddess Cybele, mother of the Greek Olympian gods. Appropriately for the military triumphs celebrated by the procession, weapons and armour are piled up on further carts pulled by horses and oxen. Among the imaginatively arranged siege machinery, a battering ram with a carved ram’s head stands out against the sky at the top of the composition.

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The Triumphs of Caesar


These are six of the nine monumental canvases known as The Triumphs of Caesar, painted by Andrea Mantegna between the mid-1480s and 1506. They depict a magnificent procession celebrating the victories of the Roman general – and later dictator – Julius Caesar over Gaul between 58 and 50 BC.

Mantegna embarked on this highly ambitious project when he was working as court painter for the ruling Gonzaga family in Mantua. He drew on ancient and contemporary writings for this powerful and sustained evocation of the classical world, as well as the imagery of Roman antiquities, such as friezes and monumental arches.

The Triumphs were acquired by King Charles I of England in 1629, when he purchased many Gonzaga treasures. Considered the jewel in the crown of the king’s paintings, they arrived in England the following year and were hung in Hampton Court Palace.

The Triumphs have since seldom left Hampton Court, but their dedicated gallery is now undergoing refurbishment (completion planned for 2026). Six of the nine are on display in the National Gallery, having been generously loaned by His Majesty the King.