The god of war, Mars marches from the Temple of Janus encouraged by the Fury of War, Alecto, while Venus attempts to restrain him. A woman on the left personifies unhappy Europe; on the right, Alecto is accompanied by two monsters who symbolise the Plague and Famine; beneath are personifications of Harmony, Fecundity, Maternity and Charity, all who thrive under peace. This is a reduced copy of a painting by Rubens (Florence, Palazzo Pitti), which is thought to date from about 1637–8. It may have been executed while the Pitti painting was still in Rubens's studio.
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