Cologne and Westphalia 1400-1500
Cologne was one of the most prosperous cities in 15th-century Germany.
Its numerous churches were filled with paintings produced by its large population of painters although some of these came from other towns. Stephan Lochner, associated with a charming and technically accomplished style, was originally from Southern Germany. A highly expressive painter, who is now known as the Master of the Saint Bartholomew Altarpiece, and was probably a native of the Northern Netherlands, produced a number of works for the Carthusian monastery in Cologne.
East of Cologne in Westphalia, in the latter part of the 15th century, a large workshop supplied altarpieces to the numerous ecclesiastical foundations near Munster, many of which were being religiously reformed. These included the Benedictine Abbey of Liesborn. The so-called Master of Liesborn began a large winged altarpiece for the high altar, but it was completed by another painter. It survives in fragments.