Southern Germany and Austria
Painters in Southern Germany and Austria collaborated with sculptors to produce spectacular large altarpieces with moveable shutters. One of the greatest specialists in such work was Michael Pacher from the Tyrol. The small devotional painting in this room of the Virgin and saints, attributed to him, reflects the daring illusionistic effects he achieved in large-scale altarpieces.
Albrecht Dürer worked in Nuremberg from the end of the 15th century. He and his workshop undertook a traditional range of work, including both altarpieces and small devotional paintings. His work was both astonishingly imaginative and attentive to the works of nature: landscape, human anatomy, birds, beasts and flowers. Dürer was also a successful portraitist, and one of the artists who did most to build upon a German tradition of elegantly designed and psychologically acute representations.