Room 46

19th-Century Landscape Painting in Europe

In 1816 the French government instituted a Prix de Rome for historical landscape.  Prize-winners travelled to Rome, where they could develop their skills as landscape painters. Many other Northern European painters, including Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, also journeyed to Italy, attracted by the dramatic landscapes and  strong light of Southern Europe.

By the 1830s painters were exploiting the possibilities offered by the scenery of their own countries. The tradition of sketching in the open air had developed into naturalistic landscape painting, executed both out of doors and in the studio. Depictions of mountains, valleys, and forests were sometimes imbued with religious or spiritual significance, but they were also considered legitimate subjects for paintings in their own right.

Paintings in this room

Alexandre Calame, At Handeck, about 1860
At Handeck
Alexandre Calame
Alexandre Calame, Chalets at Rigi, 1861
Chalets at Rigi
Alexandre Calame
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot: 'Dardagny, Morning'
Dardagny, Morning
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot: 'Evening on the Lake'
Evening on the Lake
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, 'Italian Woman'
Italian Woman
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot: 'Monsieur Pivot on Horseback'
Monsieur Pivot on Horseback
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot: 'Peasants under the Trees at Dawn'
Peasants under the Trees at Dawn
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot: 'The Four Times of Day: Evening'
The Four Times of Day: Evening
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot: 'The Four Times of Day: Morning'
The Four Times of Day: Morning
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot: 'The Four Times of Day: Night'
The Four Times of Day: Night
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot: 'The Four Times of Day: Noon'
The Four Times of Day: Noon
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot: 'The Leaning Tree Trunk'
The Leaning Tree Trunk
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot: 'The Oak in the Valley'
The Oak in the Valley
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot
Charles-François Daubigny, Willows, 1872 or 1874
Willows
Charles-François Daubigny
Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg: 'View of the Forum in Rome'
View of the Forum in Rome
Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg
Caspar David Friedrich: 'Winter Landscape'
Winter Landscape
Caspar David Friedrich
Wilhelm Peter Carl Petersen, Oetzthal, 1850
Oetzthal
Vilhelm Petersen
Philippe Rousseau: 'A Valley'
A Valley
Philippe Rousseau