Bartholomaeus Spranger

1546 - 1611

Spranger was born in Antwerp, where he trained. From 1565 to 1575 he worked in Italy, where he was influenced by Correggio and Parmigianino in particular their Mannerist figure style and use of sfumato.

He subsequently moved to Prague where he worked for the Habsburg emperor Rudolph II. The prints of the engraver Goltzius spread Spranger's influence through northern Europe.