Room 33

France 1700-1800

Nowhere in 18th-century Europe was painting more sophisticated, technically accomplished and innovative than in Paris. Knowledgeable patrons, thorough artistic training and, from the 1730s, the opportunities of regular public exhibitions all contributed to this.

Although grand narrative paintings continued to be made, the increasing informality of daily life was reflected in pictures of greater intimacy. The participants in Jean-Antoine Watteau’s pictures express feelings by suggestive glances rather than theatrical gestures, while Jean-Siméon Chardin’s children are sympathetically portrayed as individuals, rather than standardised images of childhood. Erotic art broke beyond the mythological or low-life to include subjects that were recognisably contemporary.

Many painters adopted a lighter palette, frothier brushwork and swirling compositions. These better suited the interior decoration of the period, which was dominated by pale shades, mirrors and delicate carved wood. The 1780s saw a reaction to this. A new generation of painters, including Jacques-Louis David and Jean-François-Pierre Peyron, looked back to the classical compositions and more controlled brushwork of Raphael and Poussin.

Paintings in this room

A Girl at a Window
Louis-Léopold Boilly
Pan and Syrinx
François Boucher
The House of Cards
Jean-Siméon Chardin
The Young Schoolmistress
Jean-Siméon Chardin
Jean-Baptiste Greuze: 'A Child with an Apple'
A Child with an Apple
Jean-Baptiste Greuze
Jean-Baptiste Greuze: 'A Girl'
A Girl
Jean-Baptiste Greuze
Maternal Affection
Louis Jean François Lagrenée
François Lemoyne, 'The Annunciation', 1727
The Annunciation
François Lemoyne
Jean-Marc Nattier: 'Manon Balletti'
Manon Balletti
Jean-Marc Nattier
Jean-Baptiste Perronneau: 'Jacques Cazotte'
Jacques Cazotte
Jean-Baptiste Perronneau
Cornelia, Mother of the Gracchi
Jean-François-Pierre Peyron
Hyacinthe Rigaud: 'Antoine Pâris'
Antoine Pâris
Hyacinthe Rigaud
Elizabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun: 'Mademoiselle Brongniart'
Mademoiselle Brongniart
Elisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun
Elizabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun: 'Self Portrait in a Straw Hat'
Self Portrait in a Straw Hat
Elisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun
Jean-Antoine Watteau: 'The Scale of Love'
The Scale of Love
Jean-Antoine Watteau