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Ambrogio Bergognone, Christ carrying the Cross

Key facts
Full title Christ carrying the Cross
Artist Ambrogio Bergognone
Artist dates active 1481; died 1523?
Series Two Panels from an Altarpiece
Date made probably 1501
Medium and support Oil on wood
Dimensions 99.7 × 45.1 cm
Inscription summary Dated
Acquisition credit Bought, 1879
Inventory number NG1077.2
Location Not on display
Collection Main Collection
Christ carrying the Cross
Ambrogio Bergognone

Christ, barefoot and weeping but dressed in rich red and blue, is bent under the weight of the Cross. The spikes of the crown of thorns dig into his flesh, and crystal tears drip down his cheeks. He is dragging the Cross to his own crucifixion.

The setting is not first-century Palestine, but Renaissance Italy. In the background is a walled town on the edge of a river or lake. It is clearly a fine day: the skies are blue, people stroll on the path by the water and washing has been hung to dry over the balcony.

This is one of a pair of small panels by the Milanese artist Ambrogio Bergognone. They probably originally formed part of a multi-panelled altarpiece and an inscription in the bottom left corner of this panel includes the date 1501.

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Two Panels from an Altarpiece


These two paintings of different episodes of the Passion (Christ’s torture and death) were once part of a triptych (a painting in three parts), along with The Virgin and Child with Two Angels, which is also in the National Gallery’s collection.

The three were not, however, made to go together. The two smaller panels of Christ may well have formed part of a multi-panelled altarpiece made by Ambrogio Bergognone in around 1501 (the date on one panel); the picture of the Virgin and Child is earlier, perhaps from the late 1480s, and is probably by Ambrogio’s brother, Bernardino.

Ambrogio Bergognone ran one of the leading painting workshops in Lombardy in the late fifteenth century, and his brother worked closely with him.