Pieter de Hooch

1629 - 1684

Pieter de Hooch is best known for his pictures of the domestic life of women and children, such as 'The Courtyard of a House in Delft' in the Collection. This work is related in style to that of Vermeer and Nicolaes Maes.

The son of a stonemason, de Hooch was born in Rotterdam. According to Houbraken, he was trained by Nicolaes Berchem, one of the leading Dutch painters of Italianate landscapes, who was mainly active at Haarlem. By 1653 de Hooch was in Delft in employment as a servant and a painter. His works of the 1650s may be indebted to the perspectival studies of Carel Fabritius, who was in Delft by 1651.

By 1663 de Hooch had moved to Amsterdam; his later paintings record fashionable life in the city, and utilise a darker and richer range of colours derived from Nicolas Maes.