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Probably by Crescenzio Onofri, Landscape with Figures

Key facts
Full title Landscape with Figures
Artist Probably by Crescenzio Onofri
Artist dates 1640s - after 1712
Date made probably 1670-1712
Medium and support Oil on canvas
Dimensions 171.5 × 246.4 cm
Acquisition credit Presented by Philip Pusey, 1849
Inventory number NG2723
Location Not on display
Collection Main Collection
Previous owners
Landscape with Figures
Probably by Crescenzio Onofri

We look across a vast landscape. In the middle of the scene, a washerwoman walks along a dirt track, her clothing bright in the sun. Beyond her, further up the mountain, a shepherd drives his flock onward; in the foreground, two pairs of figures chat.

This large-scale picture was probably painted by Crescenzio Onofri, a pupil of the landscape artist Dughet. The artist has incorporated trees to frame the scene, and a winding path and sweeping valley to lead our eye through the composition. Warm browns in the foreground gradually change to cool blues and greys in the mountains, creating a sense of distance.

Onofri moved from Rome to Florence in the 1690s. He collaborated with others artists, who added figures to his landscapes; Francesco Petrucci probably worked on these ones. The companion piece to this painting, Landscape with Fishermen, is also in the National Gallery’s collection.

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