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Scenes from the Passion: Predella
Pietro Orioli
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The Passion of Christ (the episodes connected with his crucifixion and resurrection) is narrated in five scenes from left to right, starting with the Agony in the Garden of Gethsemane, moving through Christ’s betrayal and arrest to the Crucifixion, Deposition and Resurrection.

This is the predella (the lower panel) of an altarpiece painted for a small chapel in the castle of Cerreto Ciampoli near Siena in around 1495, the main panel of which is also in the National Gallery’s collection. The main panel shows the Nativity with the Annunciation to the Virgin at the top of the pilasters flanking it, so that the whole altarpiece acts as a summary of the most important events of Christ’s life, from his conception to resurrection. The coats of arms at either end are those of the commissioners, members of the Cerretani family.

Key facts
Artist Pietro Orioli
Artist dates 1458 - 1496
Full title Scenes from the Passion: Predella
Group The Nativity with Saints Altarpiece
Date made probably about 1485-95
Medium and support Tempera on wood
Dimensions 21.5 x 195.7 cm
Acquisition credit Bought, 1901
Inventory number NG1849.2
Location in Gallery Not on display
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The Nativity with Saints Altarpiece

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The Christ Child lies naked and glowing in the centre of the main panel of this arched altarpiece, adored by his parents and four saints. More saints stand in the pilasters. Recent research has identified the original location of this altarpiece as a small chapel in the castle of Cerreto Ciampoli, around 13 km to the north of Siena.

In the late fifteenth century, the patronage of the chapel was in the hands of the Cerretani, who took their name from the castle; the coats of arms of a particular branch of the family appear on the predella (the part of an altarpiece below the main level). The saints included reflect the dedication of the chapel and the interests of the family.

For many years this painting was thought to be by Giacomo Pacchiarotto (who died in 1539/40), but is now attributed to Pietro Orioli, one of the most progressive of Sienese Renaissance painters.

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