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Luca Giordano, Allegory of Divine Wisdom

Key facts
Full title Allegory of Divine Wisdom
Artist Luca Giordano
Artist dates 1634 - 1705
Series Modelli for the Palazzo Medici Riccardi, Florence
Date made early 1680s
Medium and support Oil on canvas
Dimensions 138.5 × 65.2 cm
Acquisition credit Presented by the Trustees of Sir Denis Mahon's Charitable Trust through the Art Fund, 2013
Inventory number NG6631
Location Not on display
Collection Main Collection
Allegory of Divine Wisdom
Luca Giordano

This modello, or detailed oil study, is one of a group of 12 that Giordano made in preparation for the ceiling frescoes in the Palazzo Medici Riccardi in Florence in 1682–85. The overall theme of these highly elaborate, showpiece frescoes is the progress of mankind by means of Wisdom and Virtue.

This design was intended for the Library and depicts an allegory of Divine Wisdom. The kneeling warrior represents human intellect – a youth being released from the bonds of ignorance. He is attended by Mathematics, who gives him wings; Philosophy, who holds out a mirror; and Theology, who directs his gaze up at the enthroned figure with the globe and sceptre. She represents Wisdom, and the light that shines from behind her head illuminates the whole painting. The subject is based on a line from the poet Petrarch’s Rime: ‘They raise our mind from earth to heaven’.

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Modelli for the Palazzo Medici Riccardi, Florence


This group of ten paintings was made by Giordano as a series of detailed oil studies (or modelli) for the ceiling frescoes in the Palazzo Medici Riccardi in Florence, which are among the artist’s finest achievements. The modelli are part of a set of 12 (the other two are in private collections).

Nine of the paintings relate to the ceiling of the highly ornate Galleria, built to house a precious collection of antiquities and function as a public reception room. The other is associated with the ceiling of the adjacent Library. The overall theme in the Galleria is the elevation of mankind through Wisdom and Virtue, using allegorical and mythological figures to represent different strengths and traits. It culminates in a centrepiece which presents the wealthy Medici family as the paradigm of both these qualities.

Giordano seems to have worked up these modelli to clarify his designs and may have presented them to his client, the Marquess Francesco Riccardi, for approval before the frescoes were executed.