Skip to main content

Jacob Maris, A Windmill and Houses beside Water: Stormy Sky

Key facts
Full title A Windmill and Houses beside Water: Stormy Sky
Artist Jacob Maris
Artist dates 1837 - 1899
Date made probably 1880-90
Medium and support Oil on canvas
Dimensions 48.3 × 59.5 cm
Inscription summary Signed
Acquisition credit Presented by Mrs R.M. Dunlop to the Tate Gallery, 1927; transferred, 1956
Inventory number NG4269
Location Not on display
Collection Main Collection
A Windmill and Houses beside Water: Stormy Sky
Jacob Maris

This painting is typical of the views of the Dutch countryside that Jacob Maris produced throughout his career. A single windmill provides the only interruption along the flat horizon in a picture that is dominated by a stormy sky – the painting previously had the title La Tourmente (‘Turmoil’ or ‘Turbulence’). This is a good example of Maris’s late work, when he had moved away from the smooth finish of his earlier paintings and had developed a looser sketchier style using thick, often impasto, paint and broad visible brushstrokes.

The stormy sky perhaps provides an explanation for the water below, as we may be looking at floodwater that threatens to engulf the landscape. Although Maris’s choice of a very low horizon follows the example of Dutch painters, such as Jan van Goyen and Jacob van Ruisdael, it also serves here to emphasise the precariousness of the low-lying land, much of which had been reclaimed from the sea.

Download image
Download low-resolution image

Download a low-resolution copy of this image for personal use.

License this image

License and download a high-resolution image for reproductions up to A3 size from the National Gallery Picture Library.

License image
Download low-resolution image

This image is licensed for non-commercial use under a Creative Commons agreement.

Examples of non-commercial use are:

  • Research, private study, or for internal circulation within an educational organisation (such as a school, college or university)
  • Non-profit publications, personal websites, blogs, and social media

The image file is 800 pixels on the longest side.

As a charity, we depend upon the generosity of individuals to ensure the collection continues to engage and inspire. Help keep us free by making a donation today.

Download low-resolution image

You must agree to the Creative Commons terms and conditions to download this image.

Creative Commons Logo