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Three Windmills
Jacob Maris
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Born in The Hague, Jacob Maris trained at the city’s Drawing Academy and at the Academy in Antwerp. His interest in specifically Dutch landscape perhaps began on his first visit in 1859 to the artists’ colony at the village of Oosterbeek. After travelling in northern Europe, Jacob moved to Paris in 1865, where he encountered work by Corot and by the Barbizon group of landscape painters, who became the prototype for the Oosterbeek colony (itself sometimes referred to as the Barbizon of the North). He returned to the Netherlands in 1871, where he became a leading figure of the Hague School of painters.

This relatively small, dark painting shows Jacob’s preference for typically Dutch subjects, which include the windmills, still river or canal and overcast sky we see here, although this picture may not necessarily be of an actual place. By the time he painted it, Jacob had moved away from the smooth finish of his earlier work and had developed a looser style using thick paint and broad visible brushstrokes.

Key facts
Artist Jacob Maris
Artist dates 1837 - 1899
Full title Three Windmills
Date made 1880
Medium and support Oil on canvas
Dimensions 33.7 x 41.3 cm
Inscription summary Signed; Dated
Acquisition credit Presented by C. Frank Stoop to the Tate Gallery, 1928; transferred, 1956
Inventory number NG4399
Location in Gallery Not on display
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