The Virgin and Child enthroned with Saints

The painting, an early work by Garofalo, probably dates from about 1499–1502. Saint Dominic is identified by the lily and the miraculous star on his chest. Saint Catherine's hands, feet and side are marked with Christ's wounds, known as the stigmata. The tethered monkey may represent man's base nature disciplined by the Christian faith. Christ's sacrifice is symbolised by the goldfinch which he holds on a string.

Key facts

Artist dates
about 1481 - 1559
Full title
The Virgin and Child enthroned with Saint Dominic and Saint Catherine of Siena ('Madonna della Scimmia')
Date made
about 1499 - 1502
Medium and support
Oil on wood
46.3 x 34.8 cm
Acquisition credit
Layard Bequest, 1916
Inventory number
Location in Gallery