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Pablo Picasso

1881 - 1973
Pablo Picasso
Image: Detail from Werner Bokelberg, Portrait of Picasso 1965 © Photo courtesy of the owner 

Arguably the most famous artist of the 20th century, Picasso was born in Spain, at Málaga, and received encouragement from his father, who was an artist and teacher.

After a period in Barcelona he moved to Paris in 1904. The early paintings of his so called blue period changed to paintings in tones of pink and grey. His interest in primitive art culminated in the painting 'The Demoiselles d'Avignon' (1906/7, Museum of Modern Art, New York). Semi-abstract painting in the form of 'Analytical Cubism' was developed by Picasso and Braque in the years 1910-12, followed by the less severe works of 'Synthetic Cubism' including 'Fruit Dish, Bottle and Violin' in 1912-16.

Classical art became an increasingly important influence on Picasso's art following a visit to Rome in 1917. His later years, which showed no abatement in his production of painting and graphic art, sculpture and pottery, were spent mainly in the South of France.