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Pablo Picasso

1881 - 1973
Pablo Picasso
Image: Detail from Werner Bokelberg, Portrait of Picasso 1965 © Photo courtesy of the owner 

Arguably the most famous artist of the 20th century, Pablo Picasso is known as the founder of Cubism. He was born in Málaga in 1881 to an artist father. The family moved to Barcelona in 1895, where Picasso enrolled at the School of Fine Arts.

In the beginning of 1901, Picasso moved to Paris for the first time. The city was considered the cultural capital of Europe and attracted many aspiring artists. Soon after, he made his first sale with art dealer Berthe Weill and quickly became an influential figure in the artistic circles of Montmartre. After working in his characteristic Blue Period of 1901‒4 (as seen in Motherhood (1901)), Picasso developed his famous Cubist style in 1906/7. Together with French artist Georges Braque, Picasso extended the technique to Analytical Cubism and Synthetic Cubism (as seen in Fruit Dish, Bottle and Violin (1914)).

Picasso was extremely productive during his lifetime, expanding his oeuvre to include etching, sculpture and ceramics. The Spanish artist had a profound influence on the formation of 20th-century Avant-garde art and his works can be found in many notable modern art collections around the world.