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Pablo Picasso, Fruit Dish, Bottle and Violin

Key facts
Full title Fruit Dish, Bottle and Violin
Artist Pablo Picasso
Artist dates 1881 - 1973
Date made 1914
Medium and support Oil on canvas
Dimensions 92 × 73 cm
Inscription summary Signed
Acquisition credit Bought, 1979
Inventory number NG6449
Location Room 43
Image copyright Succession of Picasso / DACS
Collection Main Collection
Fruit Dish, Bottle and Violin
Pablo Picasso

Although not the most recent painting in the National Gallery’s collection, this picture is perhaps the most self-consciously modern. It is also the Gallery’s only example of Cubism, the early twentieth-century art movement initiated by Pablo Picasso and his colleague Georges Braque, which radically transformed the visual arts, particularly through its rejection of single-point perspective that had dominated art since the Renaissance.

Although the picture may seem to be entirely abstract, there are several recognisable objects. These include a table, an off-white tablecloth with grey tassels, the strings and neck of a violin, part of a newspaper (including the letters ‘AL’ of ‘JOURNAL’) and a dish of fruit. Picasso shows these objects from more than one point of view – for example, we see the table from the side and also look down at it from above. He has also mixed sand with the paint in some areas to create texture.

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