Room 21

Dutch Painting 1660–1800

During this period painting technique generally became more refined in the Netherlands. Artists had fully absorbed and developed what they had learned from the Italian masters, and found new inspiration in the elegant styles emerging from France.

Many of the artists in this room never visited Italy but were influenced by an older generation of artists who had studied there. One such artist was Aelbert Cuyp. He transformed traditional Dutch subjects, such as cattle pieces, by applying the lighting effects of Italianate painting. River Landscape with Horseman and Peasants is his largest surviving work.

The degree of sophistication reached during this period ranges from Meindert Hobbema’s subtle optical innovations in The Avenue at Middelharnis to the invisible brushstrokes of Adriaen van der Werff in his Rest on the Flight into Egypt.