Théodore Rousseau

1812 - 1867

Rousseau initially studied under J.-C.-J. Rémond and Guillon Lethiëre. In 1830 he spent several months in the Auvergne, where he painted studies from nature, and it was with a scene from this region that he made his debut at the Paris Salon in 1831.

Portrait of Théodore Rousseau
Anon, ‘Portrait of Théodore Rousseau’, engraving, Private collection
© Roger Viollet / Bridgeman Art Library

From the mid-1830s he began to spend increasingly more time in the village of Barbizon, where he settled in 1844. The varied topography of the area of the Forest of Fontainebleau became his chief subject matter. His naturalism was the result of intense, meditative study of nature, and he would often work on a single composition for several years.

Excluded from the Salon for a number of years, his fortune changed after the Revolution of 1848, and in 1849 he exhibited three paintings and won a first class medal.

Related paintings

A Rocky Landscape
Théodore Rousseau
about 1836-40
A Rocky Landscape
Landscape
Théodore Rousseau
around 1865
Landscape
River Scene
Théodore Rousseau
about 1840-60
River Scene
Sunset in the Auvergne
Théodore Rousseau
possibly 1844
Sunset in the Auvergne
The Valley of Saint-Vincent
Théodore Rousseau
1830
The Valley of Saint-Vincent
Moonlight: The Bathers
Attributed to Théodore Rousseau
perhaps 1860s
Moonlight: The Bathers
 
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