Jacob van Ruisdael

1628/9? - 1682
Jacob van Ruisdael was one of the most famous landscape painters of 17th-century Holland, and the foremost exponent of the classical phase of Dutch landscape painting. He was able to create a poetic and sometimes brooding or tragic mood in his landscapes. This can be seen especially in his mature works, such as 'A Pool Surrounded by Trees' in the Collection.

Ruisdael was born in Haarlem, the son of a little known painter, Isaack Jacobsz. van Ruisdael, who was also a dealer and frame-maker. He probably trained with his uncle Salomon van Ruysdael, and in 1648 became a member of the Haarlem painters' guild. Around 1650 he travelled to the hilly area around Bentheim across the German border.

From the late 1650s he also painted waterfalls based on the work of Allart van Everdingen, who had travelled in Scandinavia. By 1657 Ruisdael had settled in Amsterdam and in his later years is said to have also practised as a physician there. He was buried in Haarlem.

Related paintings

A Bleaching Ground in a Hollow by a Cottage
Jacob van Ruisdael
probably 1645-50
A Bleaching Ground in a Hollow by a Cottage
A Cottage and a Hayrick by a River
Jacob van Ruisdael
about 1646-50
A Cottage and a Hayrick by a River
A Landscape with a Ruined Building
Jacob van Ruisdael
about 1655
A Landscape with a Ruined Building
A Landscape with a Ruined Castle and a Church
Jacob van Ruisdael
about 1665-70
A Landscape with a Ruined Castle and a Church
A Landscape with a Waterfall and a Castle on a Hill
Jacob van Ruisdael
probably 1660-70
A Landscape with a Waterfall and a Castle on a Hill
A Pool surrounded by Trees
Jacob van Ruisdael
about 1665
A Pool surrounded by Trees
A Road leading into a Wood
Jacob van Ruisdael
about 1655-60
A Road leading into a Wood
A Ruined Castle Gateway
Jacob van Ruisdael
about 1650-5
A Ruined Castle Gateway
A Torrent in a Mountainous Landscape
Jacob van Ruisdael
about 1665-70
A Torrent in a Mountainous Landscape
A Waterfall at the Foot of a Hill, near a Village
Jacob van Ruisdael
probably 1665-70
A Waterfall at the Foot of a Hill, near a Village
A Waterfall in a Rocky Landscape
Jacob van Ruisdael
probably 1660-70
A Waterfall in a Rocky Landscape
An Extensive Landscape with Ruins
Jacob van Ruisdael
probably 1665-75
An Extensive Landscape with Ruins
Ruins in a Dune Landscape
Jacob van Ruisdael
probably 1650-5
Ruins in a Dune Landscape
The Shore at Egmond-aan-Zee
Jacob van Ruisdael
about 1675
The Shore at Egmond-aan-Zee
Three Watermills with Washerwomen
Jacob van Ruisdael
about 1670
Three Watermills with Washerwomen
Vessels in a Fresh Breeze
Jacob van Ruisdael
probably about 1660-5
Vessels in a Fresh Breeze
The Skirts of a Forest
Follower of Jacob van Ruisdael
probably 1650-1700
The Skirts of a Forest
A Castle on a Hill by a River
Imitator of Jacob van Ruisdael
probably 1650-1700
A Castle on a Hill by a River
 
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