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Jacopo di Cione and workshop, The Trinity: Central Pinnacle Panel

Key facts
Full title The Trinity: Central Pinnacle Panel
Artist Jacopo di Cione and workshop
Artist dates documented 1365; died 1398 -1400
Series The San Pier Maggiore Altarpiece
Date made 1370-1
Medium and support Egg tempera on wood
Dimensions 89.2 × 40 cm
Acquisition credit Bought, 1857
Inventory number NG570
Location Not on display
Collection Main Collection
The Trinity: Central Pinnacle Panel
Jacopo di Cione and workshop

This was once the central and uppermost part of a multi-panelled altarpiece, made for the church of San Pier Maggiore in Florence. Although it would have been displayed very high, right at the top of this large altarpiece, the limited colours, bold shapes and simple design mean it would have been visible and legible to those standing below.

The image shows God the Father making a blessing gesture and holding the Cross upon which hangs the crucified Christ, his son; between them is the Holy Ghost in the form of a dove.

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The San Pier Maggiore Altarpiece


These images come from a large, four-tiered altarpiece created for the high altar of the choir of the church of San Pier Maggiore in Florence. It was made up of a number of separate panels, most of which are now in the National Gallery’s collection.

Although only the facade of the church remains today, it was one of the oldest and most important religious institutions in Florence when this altarpiece was made. It was founded by the first bishop of Florence, Saint Zenobius, in the fifth century. The picture formed the backdrop to one of the ceremonies relating to the ordination of each bishop of Florence until the late sixteenth century.

The altarpiece was most probably commissioned by the wealthy Florentine Albizzi family and many of its saints relate to their family or their trade as wool merchants. The central images showed the coronation of the Virgin by Christ surrounded by adoring saints – a highly popular image in Florence.