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Martin Schongauer

active 1469; died 1491

Martin Schongauer was the son of the goldsmith Caspar Schongauer, a citizen of Colmar. He matriculated at Leipzig University in 1465. He is recorded as living in Colmar in 1469 and later. His most famous painting is 'The Madonna of the Rose Bower' (Colmar, St Martin's), which is dated 1473 on the back. By summer 1489 he was living in Breisach, where he painted frescoes in the cathedral.

Schongauer was principally famous as an engraver. His engravings are identifiable as they are initialled.