Jill Dunkerton, Nicholas Penny and Marika Spring
Technical Bulletin Volume 23, 2002
Il Garafolo worked in Ferrara for almost the first half of the 16th century, and his technique is related to that of Dosso Dossi. Eight of his paintings are illustrated and discussed in terms of their poplar or canvas support, calcium sulfate priming, underdrawing, use of reserves, walnut oil medium and stiff paint, limited pigment range, and generally good preservation of colour, especially of verdigris. However, the Ferrarese use of orpiment and realgar together has led to some loss of modelling. X-radiographs and infrared reflectograms are presented.
artists' materials, Garofalo, infrared reflectography, painting techniques, paintings, panel paintings, pigment, radiography, supports
To cite this article we suggest using
Dunkerton, J., Penny, N., Spring, M. 'The Technique of Garofalo’s Paintings at the National Gallery'. National Gallery Technical Bulletin Vol 23, pp 20–41.
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