Jill Dunkerton and Nicholas Penny
Technical Bulletin Volume 14, 1993
The underdrawing of the Garvagh Madonna is discussed in detail, and compared with other works by Raphael. Here, it appears to be direct, not pounced, and is very fine and delicate. It may have been executed in metal point or very hard black chalk, but the excellent condition of the painting precluded sampling.
chalk, metal points, Raphael, underdrawing
The Infra-red Examination of Raphael's 'Garvagh Madonna', Jill Dunkerton and Nicholas Penny (text-only RTF 0.17MB)
To cite this article we suggest using
Dunkerton, J., Penny, N. 'The Infra-red Examination of Raphael's "Garvagh Madonna"'. National Gallery Technical Bulletin Vol 14, pp 6–21.