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Philippe de Champaigne and studio: 'Triple Portrait of Cardinal de Richelieu'
Armand-Jean du Plessis, Duc and Cardinal de Richelieu (1585 - 1642), wears the Order of the Saint-Esprit. He became a cardinal in 1622 and Chief Minister of France.

This painting was executed in Paris, and sent to Rome as a model for the making of a bust of Richelieu by the sculptor Francesco Mocchi. The inscription over the right-hand head notes that, of the two profile views, 'this is the better one'.

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