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Charles William Stewart Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry

1778 - 1854

This person is the subject of ongoing research. We have started by researching their relationship to the enslavement of people.

Biographical notes

Formerly Stewart. Army officer and diplomatist.

Slavery connections

No known connections with slavery.

Abolition connections

His half-brother, Robert Stewart, Lord Castlereagh (1769–1822), as Foreign Minister, ‘cooperated with senior officials to use the Royal Navy to detect and capture slave ships; the freed slaves were sent to freedom in a new British colony of Sierra Leone’. (‘Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh’, Wikipedia [online], <,_Viscount_Castlereagh#Abolition_of_the_slave_trade> accessed 5 August 2021.) N.B. the formation of Sierra Leone was problematic; the freed people often faced dire poverty and racial tension.

National Gallery painting connections

Former owner: NG purchased in 1834: NG10.


History of Parliament Trust (ed.), The History of Parliament: British Political, Social & Local History, London 1964-,
Checked and not foundItem on publisher's website

E. M. Lloyd and A. J. Heesom, 'Vane [formerly Stewart], Charles William, third marquess of Londonderry', in C. Matthew et al. (eds), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford 1992-,
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J. Turner et al. (eds), Grove Art Online, Oxford 1998-,
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UCL Department of History (ed.), Legacies of British Slave-ownership, London 2020,
Checked and not foundItem on publisher's website