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Simone dei Crocefissi, Dream of the Virgin

Key facts
Full title Dream of the Virgin
Artist Simone dei Crocefissi
Artist dates active 1355 - 1399
Date made about 1365-80
Medium and support Tempera on wood
Dimensions 56.5 × 42.5 cm
Acquisition credit On loan from the Society of Antiquaries of London
Inventory number L1030
Location Not on display
Image copyright On loan from the Society of Antiquaries of London, © The Society of Antiquaries London. Used by permission
Collection Main Collection
Dream of the Virgin
Simone dei Crocefissi

This small panel painting shows the Virgin lying asleep while a companion reads to her at the foot of her bed. Above her, Christ is crucified not on the cross, but on a golden Tree of Life that rises from the Virgin's womb, while below her, a hand reaching down from the bed opens the gates of Limbo to release Adam and Eve.

The subject makes explicit the idea of the redemption of mankind through the intercession of the Virgin.

'The Dream of the Virgin' is thought to have been made as part of an altarpiece for a church in the artist's home town of Bologna, depicting scenes from the life of the Virgin.

The unusual iconography of the painting was once obscured by a layer of gold paint, which gave the work the appearance of a more conventional Crucifixion scene until it was removed in 1994 by conservators at the Courtauld Institute.

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