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Bronzino, Portrait of Piero de' Medici ('The Gouty')

Key facts
Full title Portrait of Piero de' Medici ('The Gouty')
Artist Bronzino
Artist dates 1503 - 1572
Date made probably about 1550-70
Medium and support Oil on wood
Dimensions 58.4 × 45.1 cm
Acquisition credit Bequeathed by Sir W.R. Drake, 1891
Inventory number NG1323
Location Not on display
Collection Main Collection
Portrait of Piero de' Medici ('The Gouty')

Piero de‘ Medici (1416–1469) was the son of Cosimo ’Pater Patriae‘ (’father of his country‘), and father of Lorenzo the Magnificent. They were all members of the Medici, the leading family in Florence during the Italian Renaissance. Although Florence was a republic at the time, Piero was in effect ruler of the city from 1464 until 1469. He was known as Piero ’il Gottoso‘ (’the Gouty') because he suffered from the illness. He commissioned the magnificent fresco of the Adoration of the Magi by Benozzo Gozzoli that decorates the Palazzo Medici Riccardi in Florence.

This posthumous portrait was based on a much earlier marble bust by Mino da Fiesole, which is now in the Bargello, Florence. It was painted during the rule of Cosimo I de’ Medici, Duke of Florence and later Grand Duke of Tuscany. As court artist, Bronzino was required to supply many such images. This painting, lacking the clarity and finesse of rendering of Bronzino’s autograph work, is likely largely to have been executed by his assistants.

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