Jean Joseph Xavier Bidauld

1758 - 1846

Born at Carpentras near Nîmes, Bidauld belonged to the early generation of neo-classical landscape painters led by Pierre-Henri de Valenciennes and including Jean-Victor Bertin (1767-1842) and Didier Boguet (1755-1839). He was the first landscape painter to enter the Académie des Beaux-Arts, in 1823. Taught by Claude-Joseph Vernet, he painted in Fontainebleau and Switzerland and spent five years in Italy, from 1785 to 1790, painting in the Roman Campagna and elsewhere.

Portrait of Jean-Joseph-Xavier Bidauld

François Joseph Heim, ‘Portrait of Jean-Joseph-Xavier Bidaud’, Musée du Louvre, Paris
© RMN, Paris / Thierry Le Mage 

On returning to Paris, he exhibited historical landscapes at the Salon until his death and was a vocal opponent of naturalism in landscape.