The Credit Suisse Exhibition: Gauguin Portraits

Issued July 2019

The Credit Suisse Exhibition: Gauguin Portraits

7 October 2019 –  26 January 2020
Sainsbury Wing
Admission charge

The first-ever exhibition devoted to the portraits of Paul Gauguin will open at the National Gallery in October 2019.

The Credit Suisse Exhibition: Gauguin Portraits (7 October 2019 – 26 January 2020) will show how the French artist, famous for his paintings of French Polynesia, revolutionised the portrait.

Paul Gauguin, 'Self Portrait as Christ', 1890-1, Musée d'Orsay, Paris (RF 1994-2) © RMN-Grand Palais (musée d'Orsay) / René-Gabriel Ojéda

Paul Gauguin, 'Self Portrait as Christ', 1890-1, Musée d'Orsay, Paris (RF 1994-2) © RMN-Grand Palais (musée d'Orsay) / René-Gabriel Ojéda

This landmark exhibition of major loans from museums and private collections throughout the world will show how Gauguin used portraits primarily to express himself and his ideas about art.

Although he was fully aware of the Western portrait tradition, Gauguin was rarely interested in exploring his sitters’ social standing, personality, or family background, which had been among the main reasons for making portraits in the past.

From sculptures in ceramics and wood to paintings and drawings, an extraordinary range of media for a National Gallery exhibition, visitors will see how Gauguin interpreted a specific sitter or model over time, and often in different guises. A group of self portraits in the exhibition, for example, will show how Gauguin created a range of personifications including his self-image as Jesus Christ. Together with his use of intense colour and his interest in non-Western subject matter, his approach had a far-reaching influence on artists throughout the late 19th and 20th centuries including Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso.

'The Credit Suisse Exhibition: Gauguin Portraits' will show how the artist – inspired by his time spent in Brittany and French Polynesia from the mid-1880s to the end of his life in 1903 – became fascinated by societies that to him seemed close to nature. With their folk tale heritage and spirituality, these communities appeared to him to be far removed from the industrialisation of Paris.

Gauguin’s inspiration to visit French Polynesia was partly drawn from the exotic novels of Pierre Loti (whose naval training included a stay in Tahiti), his photographs of Borobudur sculptures, and Pacific exhibits he had seen at Paris’s Exposition Universelle in 1889. At the same time his own upbringing in Peru allowed him to think of himself as someone who stood outside the European tradition, a ‘savage,’ while the European artistic and literary circles in which he moved also helped shape his views towards Tahiti and the Marquesas.

Gauguin’s life and art have increasingly come under scrutiny, especially the period he spent in South Polynesia. The Gallery aims to explore this controversial subject matter in the exhibition interpretation and accompanying programme and to join conversations now taking place that consider Gauguin's relationships and the impact of colonialism through the prisms of contemporary debate.

Featuring over fifty works, the exhibition includes paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings many of which have rarely been seen together. These include works from the Musée d’Orsay, Paris, France; The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA; The Art Institute of Chicago, USA.; The National Gallery of Canada; The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, Japan; and The Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium.

With pictures from his early years as an artist through to his final visit to the South Seas, the first room of the exhibition will be dedicated to self portraits; the most numerous of all Gauguin’s paintings. By making himself his chief subject and by assuming different personalities these images show Gauguin constantly reinventing himself. Included in this room is a rough, grotesque self-portrait head with his thumb in his mouth demonstrating his interest in non-Western iconography and art, and also his radical experimentation in different media ('Anthropomorphic Pot', enamelled sandstone, 1889, Musée d'Orsay, Paris).

Room 2 is devoted to the period he spent in Brittany (1884–-91) where, in the remote village of Le Pouldu, he turned his back on his life as a Paris stockbroker to become the leading figure of a new artists’ colony. This room also contains portraits of some of the friends he had made in Paris and members of his family including' Madame Mette Gauguin in Evening Dress', 1884 (The National Museum of Art, Architecture, and Design, Oslo). In paintings such as 'Soyez Symboliste: Portrait of Moréas' (1890–1, Talabardon & Gautier, Paris) and 'Young Breton Girl', (1889, Private Collection) Gauguin started to push the boundaries of portraiture by eschewing its usual conventions of resemblance, flattery, and coherence of time and space.

Gauguin’s fraught relationships with fellow artists are explored in Room 3, particularly two key friends who, in spite of falling out with him, remained as portrait subjects for the rest of his life: Vincent van Gogh and Meijer de Haan (1852–1895). A group of portraits of de Haan shows how he became a symbolic cipher within his work that far outlived their friendship (and the sitter himself), stretching the possibilities for portraiture into something new across different media, such as the wooden bust of de Haan (1889–90, National Gallery of Canada).

Room 4 covers Gauguin’s first Tahitian trip (1891–-3) where he sought an escape from ‘civilisation’ yet always with an eye to France, and how he was trying and failing to break into the Parisian art market from a distance. As well as including paintings of Teha’amana a Tahura, this room also tracks his continued experiments in different media, which made direct reference to the indigenous objects now surrounding him, in works such as 'Tehura (Teha’amana)' in wood, (1891–3, Musée d'Orsay, Paris); and 'Arii Matamoe (The Royal End)', (1892, The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles).

Featuring his return to Paris and Brittany and his second stay in Tahiti (1893–-5), Room 5 will also include works containing distinctly Tahitian imagery. In a portrait made in Brittany, a young Breton woman in prayer is shown wearing a Tahitian missionary dress ('Young Christian Girl', 1894, Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, Massachusetts, USA); while in the 'Portrait of the Artist (recto)', (1893–-4, Musée d'Orsay, Paris) can be seen the painting 'Manao Tupapau (The Spirit of the Dead Watching)', the print of which will also be on display (1894, National Gallery of Canada).

Room 6 has a selection of portraits in which Gauguin used symbolic objects, arranged into still lifes, to stand in for absent figures. These surrogate portraits had been part of Gauguin’s repertoire from the 1880s, but this room shows how they took on increasing significance during the isolation of his later years. They include proxy portraits of Van Gogh, his former friend who had been dead for a decade, which depict the blooms from sunflower seeds sent from France (such as 'Sunflowers with ‘Hope’', 1901, Private Collection, Milan); Gauguin may have been the first to understand that sunflowers were Van Gogh’s signature motif and he would be famous for them.

The final room of the exhibition will be devoted to Gauguin’s late portraits. Despite a recurring illness and a decline in the quantity of his output, the portrait remained essential to Gauguin’s art in his final years on the Marquesan Island of Hiva Ooa. His use of portraits to express his role in local politics is reflected in the form of the wooden carved sculpture made for the home he built himself caricaturing the local bishop, Père Paillard, as a lecherous devil (Père Paillard, 1902, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC). His last self portrait, perhaps the simplest and most direct of all, probably made shortly before the end of his life, aged 55, brings the exhibition to a close (Self-Portrait, 1903, Kunstmuseum Basel).

Christopher Riopelle, The Neil Westreich Curator of Post 1800 Paintings at the National Gallery, and co-curator of 'The Credit Suisse Exhibition: Gauguin Portraits', says:

'Gauguin radically expanded the parameters of portraiture. He understood how deeply modern art would be the expression of the individual, idiosyncratic personality, and he realised that the portrait must serve as the portal to rich, contradictory interior worlds. That he found the stylistic vocabulary to evoke this complexity is the mark of his genius.'

Dr Gabriele Finaldi, Director of the National Gallery, says:

“This is the first time that an exhibition focuses on portraits by Gauguin. Never a conventional portrait painter, his radical, highly personal vision led to the creation of a group of works that are striking, moving and at times disturbing. Through paintings, prints, sculptures and ceramics the exhibition explores how he defined his own persona in his self -portraits and how he fashioned the images of friends, lovers, and associates.”

David Mathers, CEO of Credit Suisse International, says:

“We are delighted to be supporting 'The Credit Suisse Exhibition: Gauguin Portraits' at the National Gallery, London. This exhibition proposes a new approach to Gauguin by looking, for the first time, specifically at portraits inspired by those he knew intimately in the later years of his life. His posthumous fame demonstrates the lasting impression left on modern art by this enigmatic and talented figure. Gauguin’s unique relationship with Vincent van Gogh and his contribution to Symbolism during the turn of the 19th century make this a fascinating foray into his artistic production.”

'The Credit Suisse Exhibition: Gauguin Portraits' is organised by the National Gallery and the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. 

The exhibition is curated by Cornelia Homburg and Christopher Riopelle from an initial concept by Cornelia Homburg. Cornelia Homburg is the guest curator for the National Gallery of Canada, and Christopher Riopelle is the Neil Westreich Curator of Post 1800 Paintings at the National Gallery, London.

 CINEMA EVENT: GAUGUIN FROM THE NATIONAL GALLERY 

This fascinating cinema event opens with a brand-new documentary about the life and work of Paul Gauguin, one of the world’s most popular and important artists. Filmed in Tahiti, France and the UK, this cinematic film will explore Gauguin’s extraordinary – and at times controversial – artistic achievement. It will be followed by a filmed exclusive private view of the National Gallery exhibition 'The Credit Suisse Exhibition: Gauguin Portraits', just after it opens in London. Released by More2Screen, an award-winning and global Event Cinema distributor, Gauguin from the National Gallery, London will be screened in selected cinemas nationwide from Tuesday 15 October 2019. To find your nearest cinema and to book tickets visit GauguinCinema.com #GauguinCinema

NOTES TO EDITORS

Image: Paul Gauguin, 'Self Portrait as Christ', 18901-91, Musée d'Orsay, Paris (RF 1994-2) © RMN-Grand Palais (musée d'Orsay) / René-Gabriel Ojéda

Press view: Thursday 3 October 2019 (10.30am–1.30pm)

Open to public: 7 October 2019
Daily: 10am–6pm (last admission 5pm)
Fridays: 10am–9pm (last admission 8.15pm)

Admission charge
Book in advance and save
Prices vary
Members go free

Booking – tickets on sale early August

For advance tickets to The Credit Suisse Exhibition: Gauguin Portraits, please visit nationalgallery.org.uk or call 0800 912 6958 (booking fee). You can also book tickets in person from the Gallery. 

Credit Suisse AG
Credit Suisse AG is one of the world's leading financial services providers and is part of the Credit Suisse group of companies (referred to here as 'Credit Suisse'). Our strategy builds on Credit Suisse's core strengths: its position as a leading wealth manager, its specialist investment banking capabilities and its strong presence in our home market of Switzerland. We seek to follow a balanced approach to wealth management, aiming to capitalize on both the large pool of wealth within mature markets as well as the significant growth in wealth in Asia Pacific and other emerging markets, while also serving key developed markets with an emphasis on Switzerland. Credit Suisse employs approximately 46,200 people. The registered shares (CSGN) of Credit Suisse AG's parent company, Credit Suisse Group AG, are listed in Switzerland and, in the form of American Depositary Shares (CS), in New York. Further information about Credit Suisse can be found at www.credit-suisse.com.

For further information, please contact the National Gallery Press Office on 020 7747 2865 or email: press@ng-london.org.uk

Publicity images can be obtained from https://press.nationalgallery.org.uk/