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The Dominican Blessed
Probably by Fra Angelico
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This panel shows the Dominican Blessed, both tertiaries (those who lived in general society rather than a convent, but were allied to the Dominican Order) and friars. They're dressed in their distinctive black and white habits, neatly lined up in rows.

The Blessed were holy figures belonging to the Order (called the Dominicans because they were founded by Saint Dominic) who were venerated locally after their death. Some, like Catherine of Siena, shown here kneeling at the head of the front row, were eventually recognised as saints.

This panel framed the predella (the lowest part) of the altarpiece, made for San Domenico in Fiesole, a town outside of Florence. The predella showed Christ surrounded by angels and saints; its panels, and the pair to this panel, are also in the National Gallery.

Key facts
Artist Probably by Fra Angelico
Artist dates active 1417; died 1455
Full title The Dominican Blessed: Outer Right Pilaster Panel
Series Fiesole San Domenico Altarpiece
Date made about 1423-4
Medium and support Egg tempera on wood
Dimensions 31.6 x 21.9 cm
Acquisition credit Bought, 1860
Inventory number NG663.5
Location in Gallery Room 60
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Fiesole San Domenico Altarpiece

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These panels come from the predella (lowest part) of the altarpiece made for the high altar of San Domenico, Fiesole. Fra Angelico was a Dominican friar (a member of the religious order founded by Saint Dominic) as well as a painter. The church was attached to his own convent – so although he made two other altarpieces for it, he was not paid for his work.

Predellas usually showed narrative scenes of the lives of the saints who were depicted in the main part of the altarpiece. This one is unusual: it shows Christ in glory in heaven, surrounded in the central scene by angels. This is framed by two panels showing rows of saints and Old Testament figures. These in turn are enclosed on either side by Dominican ‘Blessed’ figures who were holy and revered but not saints.

The mass of saints includes Dominicans and reflects their interest in the saints of their order and the place of the Dominicans in the broader church.

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