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The term Rococo is a style label applied particularly to the painting, interior decoration and architecture popular in France during the reign of Louis XV (1715 - 1774). It was initially applied in a derogatory manner by Neo-classicists of the late 18th century. The word may derive from the French rocaille which describes the embellishment of grottoes and fountains, and by implication suggests whimsical decoration.

Rococo art is based on the study of natural forms; it is dominated by asymmetry, curved forms, and light bright colours.