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Filippo Brunelleschi

The Florentine architect Filippo Brunelleschi (1377 - 1446) is best known for designing and building the dome of Florence cathedral.

Earlier he worked as a goldsmith and sculptor, but after having lost the competition for the design of the doors of the Florentine Baptistery (1401-2) turned to architecture. His buildings in Florence (Ospedale degli Innocenti, S. Lorenzo, Pazzi Chapel) are all characterised by regular proportions based on Tuscan Romanesque and Antique models.

He developed, in connection with his architectural schemes, the single-point (linear) perspective system which was adopted by painters and relief sculptors.