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Cassone (plural cassoni) is the Italian word for chest or box. Long low cassoni were often made in pairs or groups of three in Italy during the 15th and 16th centuries. They were used for storage in a domestic setting, and were at first probably associated with the giving of a dowry although usually by the mid-15th century part of a scheme of refurbishment conducted by the bridegroom's family on the occasion of a wedding. (See entry for Spalliera).

Such pieces of furniture were often richly decorated with carving, gilding and painted panels. Narratives were usually depicted on the sides, often illustrating acts of heroism or love.