An art without a homeland
Through his history paintings, Matejko forged a national Polish identity in defiance of Poland's disappearance from the map of Europe.
Likewise, his contemporaries expressed their own longing for Polish soil, spirit and traditions, even while dominated by foreign artistic influences during the Partitions.
So how Polish is Polish art of the 19th century?
Lydia Bauman, is a Polish-born graduate of the Courtauld, artist and art historian who, for many years, delivered lectures and guided tours at the National Gallery and other London, European and American museums. Over the course of the pandemic she created and delivered a programme of over 180 online lectures to her own ongoing group, Art for the Uninitiated.
Supported by Elizabeth and Daniel Peltz OBE