Room 57

Florence 1450-1500

The artists of later 15th-century Florence were, above all, draughtsmen. Drawing from life was essential for painters and sculptors who were increasingly concerned to record realities of human anatomy, movement and expression. Drawings of ancient sculptures were also circulated. Indeed disegno – the drawing or design – was perceived as the most inventive part of any creative process. The acknowledged ‘masters of design’ were goldsmiths, and it is no coincidence that three of the leading painters of this period received a goldsmith’s training.

Antonio del Pollaiuolo practised as a goldsmith but learned painting from his brother Piero. Drawing, for him, was used to explore the muscular nude in action. Andrea del Verrocchio worked mainly as a sculptor. However, his large drawings of heads and hands were employed as models for his very successful painting workshop. Sandro Botticelli also trained first as a goldsmith but the poetic grace of his paintings derives from his second teacher, the painter Fra Filippo Lippi. Lippi’s son Filippino became Botticelli’s pupil in turn.

Paintings in this room

Sandro Botticelli: 'Adoration of the Kings'
Adoration of the Kings
Sandro Botticelli and Filippino Lippi
Domenico Ghirlandaio: 'The Virgin and Child'
The Virgin and Child
Domenico Ghirlandaio
Leonardo da Vinci: 'The Virgin of the Rocks'
The Virgin of the Rocks
Leonardo da Vinci
Fra Filippo Lippi and workshop: 'Saint Jerome and the Lion: Predella Panel'
Saint Jerome and the Lion: Predella Panel
Fra Filippo Lippi and workshop
Fra Filippo Lippi and workshop: 'Saint Mamas in Prison thrown to the Lions'
Saint Mamas in Prison thrown to the Lions
Fra Filippo Lippi and workshop
Lorenzo di Credi: 'The Virgin and Child'
The Virgin and Child
Lorenzo di Credi
Francesco Pesellino and completed by Fra Filippo Lippi and workshop: 'Angel (Left Hand)'
Angel (Left Hand)
Francesco Pesellino and Fra Filippo Lippi and workshop
Francesco Pesellino and completed by Fra Filippo Lippi and workshop: 'Angel (Right Hand)'
Angel (Right Hand)
Francesco Pesellino and Fra Filippo Lippi and workshop
Francesco Pesellino: 'Saints Mamas and James'
Saints Mamas and James
Francesco Pesellino and Fra Filippo Lippi and Workshop
Francesco Pesellino and Fra Filippo Lippi and workshop: 'The Pistoia Santa Trinità Altarpiece'
Saints Zeno and Jerome
Francesco Pesellino and Fra Filippo Lippi and workshop
Francesco Pesellino: 'The Trinity'
The Trinity
Francesco Pesellino and Fra Filippo Lippi and workshop
Antonio del Pollaiuolo: 'The Martyrdom of Saint Sebastian'
The Martyrdom of Saint Sebastian
Antonio del Pollaiuolo and Piero del Pollaiuolo