Room 54

Central Italy 1430–1450

Florentine artists who came to maturity in the second quarter of the 15th century developed personal styles that built on the innovations of the preceding decades.

Paolo Uccello is celebrated for his ability to foreshorten objects, figures and horses, in line with new ideas about perspective. Fra Filippo Lippi combined the naturalism of Masaccio from earlier in the century with a delicate lyricism.

In Siena, artists such as Giovanni di Paolo might base their compositions on works by Florentine painters and sculptors, but they nonetheless continued to use a style indebted to local painters of the early 14th century.

The period also saw developments in altarpiece design. Sassetta’s masterpiece, the high altarpiece for the church of San Francesco in Borgo San Sepolcro, was double-sided and comparatively old-fashioned in that it was constructed from many different panels.

Francesco Pesellino’s Trinity altarpiece, by contrast, offered a different solution that was to dominate Italian art. Here, the various saints are united before a single landscape, above a predella, or lower tier, of narrative scenes.

Paintings in this room

Seven Saints
Seven Saints
Fra Filippo Lippi
The Annunciation
The Annunciation
Fra Filippo Lippi
Saint Jerome and the Lion: Predella Panel
Saint Jerome and the Lion: Predella Panel
Fra Filippo Lippi and workshop
Saint Mamas in Prison thrown to the Lions
Saint Mamas in Prison thrown to the Lions
Fra Filippo Lippi and workshop
The Abduction of Helen
The Abduction of Helen
Master of the Judgement of Paris
The Birth of the Virgin
The Birth of the Virgin
Master of the Osservanza
The Triumph of David
The Triumph of David
Francesco Pesellino
Saints Mamas and James
Saints Mamas and James
Francesco Pesellino and Fra Filippo Lippi and Workshop
Angel (Left Hand)
Angel (Left Hand)
Francesco Pesellino and Fra Filippo Lippi and workshop
Angel (Right Hand)
Angel (Right Hand)
Francesco Pesellino and Fra Filippo Lippi and workshop
Saints Zeno and Jerome
Saints Zeno and Jerome
Francesco Pesellino and Fra Filippo Lippi and workshop
The Trinity
The Trinity
Francesco Pesellino and Fra Filippo Lippi and workshop
 
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