Room 54

Central Italy 1430–1450

Florentine artists who came to maturity in the second quarter of the 15th century developed personal styles that built on the innovations of the preceding decades.

Paolo Uccello is celebrated for his ability to foreshorten objects, figures and horses, in line with new ideas about perspective. Fra Filippo Lippi combined the naturalism of Masaccio from earlier in the century with a delicate lyricism.

In Siena, artists such as Giovanni di Paolo might base their compositions on works by Florentine painters and sculptors, but they nonetheless continued to use a style indebted to local painters of the early 14th century.

The period also saw developments in altarpiece design. Sassetta’s masterpiece, the high altarpiece for the church of San Francesco in Borgo San Sepolcro, was double-sided and comparatively old-fashioned in that it was constructed from many different panels.

Francesco Pesellino’s Trinity altarpiece, by contrast, offered a different solution that was to dominate Italian art. Here, the various saints are united before a single landscape, above a predella, or lower tier, of narrative scenes.

Paintings in this room

Attributed to Jacopo di Antonio (Master of Pratovecchio?): 'A Bishop (Donatus?) and a Female Martyr (Antilla?)'
A Bishop (Donatus?) and a Female Martyr (Antilla?)
Probably by Jacopo di Antonio (Master of Pratovecchio?)
Attributed to Jacopo di Antonio (Master of Pratovecchio?): 'Gabriel: Frame Roundel (left)'
Gabriel: Frame Roundel (Left)
Probably by Jacopo di Antonio (Master of Pratovecchio?)
Attributed to Jacopo di Antonio (Master of Pratovecchio?): 'Left Pilaster of an Altarpiece'
Left Pilaster of an Altarpiece
Probably by Jacopo di Antonio (Master of Pratovecchio?)
Attributed to Jacopo di Antonio (Master of Pratovecchio?): 'Right Pilaster of an Altarpiece'
Right Pilaster of an Altarpiece
Probably by Jacopo di Antonio (Master of Pratovecchio?)
Attributed to Jacopo di Antonio (Master of Pratovecchio?): 'Saint John the Evangelist: Altarpiece Pinnacle (right)'
Saint John the Evangelist: Altarpiece Pinnacle (right)
Probably by Jacopo di Antonio (Master of Pratovecchio?)
Attributed to Jacopo di Antonio (Master of Pratovecchio?): 'Saints Michael and John the Baptist'
Saints Michael and John the Baptist
Probably by Jacopo di Antonio (Master of Pratovecchio?)
Attributed to Jacopo di Antonio (Master of Pratovecchio?): 'The Annunciate Virgin: Frame Roundel (right)'
The Annunciate Virgin: Frame Roundel (right)
Probably by Jacopo di Antonio (Master of Pratovecchio?)
Attributed to Jacopo di Antonio (Master of Pratovecchio?): 'The Virgin: Altarpiece Pinnacle (left)'
The Virgin: Altarpiece Pinnacle (Left)
Probably by Jacopo di Antonio (Master of Pratovecchio?)
Fra Filippo Lippi: 'Seven Saints'
Seven Saints
Fra Filippo Lippi
Fra Filippo Lippi: 'The Annunciation'
The Annunciation
Fra Filippo Lippi
Master of the Judgement of Paris: 'The Abduction of Helen'
The Abduction of Helen
Master of the Judgement of Paris
Master of the Osservanza: 'The Birth of the Virgin'
The Birth of the Virgin
Master of the Osservanza
Francesco Pesellino: 'The Triumph of David'
The Triumph of David
Francesco Pesellino