Room 4

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Germany

From the 1520s onwards the Protestant Reformation reduced the demand for religious painting in some parts of Germany and Switzerland. The violent destruction of such works in Basel in 1529 hastened the return of Hans Holbein to the court of Henry VIII in London, where he went on to produce portraits combining psychological insight with dazzling illusionistic skill.

As well as portraits, court artists painted pictures with nude figures based on classical mythology. Such painters include Lucas Cranach, who worked for the Protestant Electors of Saxony in Southern Germany, and Hans von Aachen, who, later in the 16th century, was painter to the Habsburg Emperor Rudolph II in Prague.

During this period, the expressive depiction of landscape was a prominent feature of religious paintings by artists such as Albrecht Altdorfer, but, importantly, also a subject in its own right for the first time.

Paintings in this room

Charity
Charity
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Cupid complaining to Venus
Cupid complaining to Venus
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Portrait of Johann the Steadfast
Portrait of Johann the Steadfast
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Portrait of a Woman
Portrait of a Woman
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Saints Christina and Ottilia
Saints Christina and Ottilia
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Saints Genevieve and Apollonia
Saints Genevieve and Apollonia
Lucas Cranach the Elder
The Close of the Silver Age (?)
The Close of the Silver Age (?)
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Erasmus
Erasmus
Hans Holbein the Younger
The Ambassadors
The Ambassadors
Hans Holbein the Younger
Portrait of a Girl
Portrait of a Girl
Jakob Seisenegger
The Adoration of the Kings
The Adoration of the Kings
Bartholomaeus Spranger
Summer
Summer
Hans Wertinger