Mixed Media in the Work of Charles-François Daubigny: Analysis and Implications for Conservation
Larry Keith and Raymond White
Technical Bulletin Volume 23, 2002
Examination and cleaning tests on two paintings of 1872–3, Landscape with Cattle by a Stream and View on the Oise, revealed previous overcleaning, and analysis indicated that Daubigny’s later paint had a medium of dammar and a benzoin-type balsam applied over walnut oil-based paint. This mixture would have been fast-drying in an essential oil and would have given translucent paint suitable for multiple thin applications. It was restricted to the sky area.
Elsewhere a mixed medium of walnut oil, dammar, and pine resin was used for green and orange glazes. Reassessment of other analyses from Daubigny’s paintings showed he had used the second mixture in two other works. The extreme solubility of these mixed media accounts for overcleaning in the past and rendered present-day varnish removal too problematic to carry out.
artists' materials, binder, Daubigny, painting techniques, paintings, pigment
To cite this article we suggest using
Keith, L., White, R. 'Mixed Media in the Work of Charles-François Daubigny: Analysis and Implications for Conservation'. National Gallery Technical Bulletin Vol 23, pp 42–49.
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