This tondo was probably painted in Botticelli's workshop, though it is not clear if it was excuted during his lifetime, under his supervision, or after his death, using stock workshop designs. The pose of the Virgin, for example, is not unlike the Virgin in Botticelli's 'Mystic Nativity' but the other elements are less successfully integrated. The Christ Child for example has nothing to support his back. The landscape does not particularly resemble those in Botticelli's autograph works. Other versions of it are known - one is in Amgueddfa Cymru - National Museum Wales. It was evidently painted to appeal to a flourishing Florentine market for such devotional images. This is indicated, not least, by the inclusion of the infant Saint John the Baptist, Florence's patron saint.
The National Gallery, Trafalgar Square, London WC2N 5DN