Avignon from the West

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Exhibitions

Winter Exhibition, Royal Academy, London, 1896, no. 56

A Loan Collection of Modern Painting, Leinster Hall,  Dublin, April 1899, no. 7, lent by Forbes

Catalogue of Pictures presented to the City of Dublin to form the nucleus of a Gallery of Modern Art, also pictures lent by the executors of the late Mr. J. Staats Forbes and others, Royal Hibernian Academy, Dublin, 1904, no. 53

National Museum of Ireland, Dublin, 1905, no. 84

First Exhibition of Modern Paintings, Municipal Gallery, Belfast, 1906, no. 20

On exhibition at the Municipal Gallery of Modern Art, Dublin, 1908–13, no. 136

Loan Exhibition of the Sir Hugh Lane Collection, National Gallery, London, January 1917, not numbered 

Landscape in French Art, Royal Academy, London, 1949-50, no. 180

Exhibition of all 39 Lane paintings at the National Gallery, together with the Gallery’s recent acquisitions of 19th-century French paintings [and Cézanne’s Landscape with Poplars (NG 6457), then on loan from Bruno Cassirer], November 1960, not numbered

Corot. An Exhibition of Paintings, Drawings and Prints, Royal Scottish Academy of Painting, Edinburgh and National Gallery, London, 1965, no. 30

Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot (1796–1875), Grand Palais, Paris; National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1996–7, no. 67

Turner and Romantic Nature, Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen, 2004–5, no. 29

Corot. Nature, Emotion, Souvenir, Museo Thyssen Bornemisza, Madrid, and Palazzo dei Diamanti, Ferrara, 2005–6, no. 24 (Madrid only)

Hugh Lane 100 Years, Dublin City Gallery The Hugh Lane, June to September 2008 (a portion extended until December 2008)

Loans

NG 3237 was on loan to the Dublin City Gallery The Hugh Lane from 17 January 1961 to 26 July 1965, and from 19 January 1971 to 25 November 1975.

 

1. Such labels have been found on Corot, Summer Morning (NG 3238); Diaz, Venus and Cupids (NG 3246); attributed to Rousseau, Moonlight with Bathers (NG 3269); Matthijs Maris, Men unloading Carts in Montmartre (NG 2874), and Jacob Maris, The Three Windmills (NG 4399).

2. For a full discussion of materials and technique see article by  S. Herring, ‘Six Paintings by Corot in the National Gallery: Methods, Materials and Sources’, National Gallery Technical Bulletin, 30, 2009.

3. This might be the cause of the remark when the painting was exhibited at the Royal Academy: ‘His [Forbes’s] Avignon is a comparatively early Corot, less dexterously and more laboriously touched than most of those in the Grafton Gallery that we mentioned last week.’ See The Athenaeum, 15 February 1896, p. 223.

4. For a description of these changes see F. Leeman and H. Pennock, Museum Mesdag. Catalogue of Paintings and Drawings, Zwolle 1997, p. 138, no. 70.

5. E. Moreau-Nélaton in Robaut 1905,  I, p. 78.

6. Villeneuve-lès-Avignon. Vue prise d’Avignon  (R330),  Villeneuve-lès-Avignon: Vue prise dans le jardin de l’hospice (R331), both Paris, Musée du Louvre,  Villeneuve-lès-Avignon (R329), Indianapolis Museum of Art,  Villeneuve-lès-Avignon, Fort Saint-André (R333), The Hague, Mesdag Museum,  and Études de cypress  (R334). See also the following painting by Prosper Marilhat (formerly attributed to Corot), probably painted on the same trip: Villeneuve-lès-Avignon, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Reims.

7. See V. Pomarède, M. Pantazzi and G. Tinterow in Paris/ Ottawa/New York, 1996–7, no. 67.

8. See A. Roquebert, ‘Quelques observations sur la technique de Corot’, in Corot, un artiste et son temps. Actes des colloques organisés au Musée du Louvre par le Service Culturel les 1er et 2 mars 1996 à Paris et par l’Académie de France à Rome, Villa Médicis, le 9 mars 1996 à Rome, Paris and Rome 1998, pp. 73–97 and  84–5 on this, and the authors she quotes.

9. For Forbes see C. Welch, ‘Forbes, James Staats (1823–1904)’, rev. R. Harrington, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford  2004, vol. 20, pp. 291–2. E.G. Halton published a series of articles on Forbes’ collection in The Studio in October 1905.  For  his importance to the National Gallery see Herring  2001, pp. 77–89.

10. On Lane as a collector, his Gallery of Modern Art, and his bequest to the Gallery see particularly B. Dawson, ed., Hugh Lane: Founder of a Gallery of Modern Art for Ireland, London 2008.

11. ‘En 1873 Corot avait prêté cette étude au peintre Edouard Brandon.  Il l’a probablement copiée’. Robaut 1905, II, p. 116, no. 328. Brandon, who studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts from 1849, with François Picot, Antoine Montfort and Corot, is best known for his pictures of Jewish themes.

12. It is stated in the sale catalogue that it had come from a Corot sale, which appears to be incorrect. Ernest May  was a Parisian financier who was an important collector of the Impressionists.  He regularly bought, sold and exchanged paintings, making it difficult to gauge his collection at any one time. The painting by Degas, Portraits at the Stock Exchange of c. 1878-9 (Paris, Musée d’Orsay), includes in the centre a portrait of May. Information on May from A. Distel, Impressionism: The First Collectors, New York 1989, pp. 223–9.

13. As stated by Bodkin.

14. This and the other two Corots, NG 3238 and NG 3239, were among the original fifteen pictures selected by the National Gallery as being suitable for hanging. Interestingly, the portrait (now thought to be by a follower) was singled out as being of higher quality than the two landscapes by D.S. MacColl, then Keeper of the Wallace Collection, in an undated report on the collection. The landscapes were described as being ‘not so outstanding in merit’. On the other hand, John Singer Sargent, in a further report, described the painting as ‘a charming example of [Corot’s] best period.’ Papers in National Gallery Archive.

15. One of 31 of the 39 Lane paintings included.

16. A reference to the painting appears in Bodkin 1932: ‘an inferior version…which is in the collection of Monsieur Jacques Ernest May, was shown in 1932, in the exhibition of French art at Burlington House.’