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Jacques-Louis David: 'Portrait of the Comtesse Vilain XIIII and her Daughter'
The Comtesse Vilain XIIII (1780 - 1853) is shown with her five-year-old daughter, Louise. The portrait was painted in Brussels during the first year of David's exile there after the fall of Napoleon. Like David, the Comtesse was associated with the Napoleonic cause. Her husband, Philippe Vilain XIIII was ennobled by Napoleon in 1811. The Comtesse was formerly lady-in-waiting to the Empress Marie-Louise and had held one of the paraphernalia (probably the water vessel) at the baptism of Napoleon's son, the King of Rome.

The Comtesse described her sittings for the artist in a series of letters to her husband. Although she complained about the length of these she was happy with the portrait when it was completed.

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