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A medium in which the dry colour is mixed with wax. It is similar to pastel but greasier and cannot be easily rubbed. The distinction between crayon and chalk is not always precisely observed.

'A trois crayons' describes a drawing made with three differently coloured chalks, usually black, white and red, on tinted or coloured paper (generally blue). Rubens and Watteau made many such drawings.

Peter Paul Rubens
1577 - 1640
Jean-Antoine Watteau
1684 - 1721