Dou popularised 'niche' pictures of this type, showing an interior seen through an aperture. The painting is a late work, probably of about 1670, and signed below the peahen. The relief on the parapet, showing children playing with a goat, is probably based on a marble bas-relief by François Duquesnoy (1597 - 1643) (Rome, Galleria Doria Pamphilj), the famous 17th-century Flemish sculptor who worked in Rome. The design is also recorded on an ivory plaquette (London, Victoria and Albert Museum). It appears in other paintings by Dou from 1651 onwards.
This painting can be compared with another work by Dou, the 'Grocer's Shop' of 1672 (London, Royal Collection).