This work is not recorded prior to the mid-18th century. It has been suggested that the signature is not above suspicion, but there is no reason to doubt the attribution to Teniers. The handling of the paint is comparable to that in his 'Boors Carousing' in the Wallace Collection, London, which is dated 1644. This work may have been painted a little later. Tavern scenes of this sort, and more specifically the pose of the peasant raising his glass, may derive from the work of Adriaen Brouwer.
The National Gallery, Trafalgar Square, London WC2N 5DN