The nymph Echo was in love with the beautiful youth Narcissus, who rejected her cruelly. The goddess Nemesis punished Narcissus by making him fall in love with his own reflection, seen in a pool. Echo died, leaving only her voice, and Narcissus died because his love remained unrequited.
The lower of the two nymphs in the trees is probably Echo. The reclining nymph at the bottom, who was originally draped, seems to have been repainted as a nude in the 18th century.

The story comes from Ovid's 'Metamorphoses' (Book 3) and was frequently painted, but this is Claude's only known treatment of the subject. It is also one of only two paintings recorded by him as having been made for an English patron who, unfortunately, has not been identified.

This picture was presented by Sir George Beaumont in 1826.

Key facts

Artist
Artist dates
1604/5? - 1682
Full title
Landscape with Narcissus and Echo
Date made
1644
Medium and support
Oil on canvas
Dimensions
94.6 x 118.7 cm
Inscription summary
Signed; Dated
Acquisition credit
Presented by Sir George Beaumont, 1826
Inventory number
NG19
Location in Gallery